Designing a website that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing requires a lot of planning. One must also take accessibility into account in their design process. Doing so would make sure that everyone can access the relevant site, regardless of their abilities.
Web accessibility is focused on designing websites in a manner that people with disabilities can easily use and access. AccessiBe is popular for offering advanced resources that support the development of accessible websites.
AccessiBe marks a few design considerations important to web accessibility
Web accessibility involves eliminating various aspects that can impede the web experience of a person, to create websites that are all-inclusive to the core. It takes into account all types of disabilities that can impact online user experience, starting from auditory, cognitive, and visual to speech, neurological and physical.
Here are a few important design considerations for web accessibility:
- Color contrast: Text contrast is one of the key accessibility barriers in many popular sites. The use of proper contrast between diverse elements of a page is vital for both color-blind and low-sighted users.
- Hierarchy and layout: It can get extremely frustrating to scroll through an entire page or click multiple links to find the relevant information. This process becomes all the more annoying for people using a screen reader. Designers need to keep the layout and hierarchy of web pages organized and logical. Important information should be visible at a glance on the page and follow a coherent and consistent structure.
- Typography: It would be smart to use a sans-serif font for longer text. This font is legible and clear in almost any size. Moreover, sans serif looks quite trendy and bold. The text on a page must be large enough to read. The body text of web content must at least have a size of 16 px. If any information has to be emphasized, the use of bold is better than italic or uppercase. Stylized font should be avoided, outside of the logo. People with vision impairments may face problems in understanding highly stylized fonts.
- Text resizing: Web designers must make sure that their text is resizable. This will allow people to zoom in and out on the content, based on their own convenience. A large number of modern-day browsers support scalability. But web designers must make sure to not inadvertently disable the functionality in the code of their website. The site should be tested on multiple devices and browsers to make sure that it scales in a proper manner.
- Text spacing: Minimalism and white space are in vogue when it comes to web design. Moreover, leaving enough space between lines of text and images helps the users to put their focus on what is most important.
A few basic guidelines for text spacing include:
- Line height should be at least 1.5 times the font size
- Spacing after paragraphs must be twice the font size
- Letter spacing must be at least 0.12 times the font size
- Word spacing should be at least 0.16 times the font size
People can always explore the websites of companies like AccessiBe to leverage resources that can help in making their websites accessible. This firm is renowned for its AI-powered web accessibility solutions.