A pathogen can be best described as a microorganism that can lead to various sorts of infectious diseases. They are also known as infectious agents when they are the carriers of disease.
Pathogens require a host body for their proper nourishment and growth. Our immune system is designed in such a manner that it protects against the onset of such infections. The human immune system can also beat various pathogens hence protecting the body from diseases which can prove to be lethal.
But if the immune system is weak then it can lead to easy access of pathogens into the body exposing the body to various sorts of health complications. It then utilises the host body’s resources to multiply in number and continue its growth which might lead to infections such as H.pylori. If your doctor suspects such an infection they might recommend you H pylori Test.
Make sure to ask for the H pylori test price in Pakistan from your healthcare provider.
How Do Pathogens Spread?
Most of the time pathogens are able to spread because of human actions such as:
- Not paying attention to washing hands after coughing and sneezing
- Cooking food with contaminated hands
- Consumption of raw food
- Not paying attention to personal hygiene after stroking animals or pets
- Direct sexual contact with another person can lead to STDs
- Consumption of contaminated food or water can lead to the entry of infectious pathogens inside the body
- Bug bites can also prompt the complication such as the Zika virus
How to Protect Yourself Against Pathogens?
Our immune system is able to protect ourselves against pathogens. The hair that is present in our nostril block the entry of these pathogens. This is a clear depiction that how our body is there to help us fight off these pathogens.
Follow these given below preventive measures to keep the spread of pathogens at bay:
Wash Your Hands Regularly
This one goes without saying that you have to be highly attentive towards your personal hygiene. Hands are one of the easiest ways for you to spread the infectious organisms. Try to wash your hands with water, soap or an alcohol based sanitizer. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds.
You should be extra careful when you are petting animals, taking trash outside, meeting someone, engaging in outdoor activities, or sneezing or coughing.
This is because after these activities your hands become the carrier of the bacteria and you might transfer the bacteria to others. When you are washing hands frequently then you are getting rid of the pathogens effectively.
Stay Home When You are Ill
When you are ill, such as have a fever or a cold, you should stay at home. Rather then going out and giving others what you have contradicted try to be home where it is safe. Take rest or visit a doctor.
If you go out you are likely to expose others to the infectious microorganisms.
Stay Informed About Vaccinations
All age groups are eligible for vaccinations be it infants, children, adults or elders. Vaccinations are nece3ssary to keep the diseases such as influenza, cough and measles, as well as polio at a safe distance.
With the help of vaccinations, immune system is able to identify the pathogens and release substances that can forfeit their entrance. These vaccinations play a key role in reducing the spread as well as in curing these infections. That is why stay updated about your vaccination status.
Clean the Surfaces
Another thing that you need to understand is that you have to clean the surfaces that are in everyday use, extremely clean and neat. Contaminated surfaces are one of the major causes of infectious diseases and their easy spread. If you want to limit the rate of spread then you have to be little attentive towards cleaning your house especially your everyday use surfaces.
Keep Your Personal Items to Yourself
Infectious diseases have a high rate of spreading when people are open to share their personal items with others. Personal items are something that a person uses on an intimate level and might have some body fluids on them. That is why they can act as a vector for the transfer of pathogens.
This is because it is advised for you to keep your personal items away from others because this way you can reduce the onset of such infections and of course your doctor’s visits.
Wear Full Sleeves
Try to wear full sleeves. Full sleeves are able to provide the right protection against mosquito bites. Thus not leading to dengue fever or malaria which is a rather common issue in the humid regions of the world. You can also use mosquito repellents for this purpose.
Try to keep up with these above mentioned information and keep your self safe and healthy.